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Your child's mouth is on fire, even his favorite dishes have a hard time passing ... it's probably an aphtha. This small painful ulceration that appears in the tongue, cheeks or gums are not pleasant.
What is an aphtha!
- A small ulceration in your child's mouth? You think of the canker sore and you are right. The "aphtha", which comes from the Greek aphta and means burning, is aptly named. This benign but painful condition affects 15% of French people, most of them children, at least once a year.
- The canker sore is characterized by a yellow spot circled with red. From the lips to the tonsils, through the tongue, the palate or the gums, this lesion reaches any part of the mouth. Your child may have one or more canker sores, located or spread in different places. He is very painful.
- An aphtha can sometimes make you think of angina, especially since it is sometimes accompanied by ganglia. Some parents even go to consult an ENT! If your child is grouchy, salivate a lot, it's because of him. The pain generally fades after two to five days.
Aphtha, what is it due to?
Several factors can explain the occurrence of canker sores, without doctors being 100% sure of the causes, among which:
- food. Strawberries, bananas, pineapples, nuts, some fermented cheeses like gruyere, chocolate ... too acidic or irritating, they disturb the balance of the oral flora.
- A lack. If your child has a lack of iron, vitamin B12, B1, B6, it is not impossible that canker sores occur.
- The stress. Intense fatigue or psychological stress, family or school, as well as other skin conditions, such as eczema, can cause its appearance.
- A drug. Antibiotics often modify the oral flora.
- A small wound. Beware also injuries in the mouth, caused by a toothbrush too hard, sharp relief and therefore cutting a tooth, even a finger (dirty, moreover!) Who skids or a small food burn that is infected.
- Many infantile diseases are accompanied by canker sores because in this case, the decrease of the immune system causes a general fragility.
How to treat an ulcer?
- As a rule, canker sores disappear spontaneously, without treatment or after applying a soothing balm. But if you notice frequent relapses, a consultation with a doctor is necessary in order to carry out a complete examination of the oral cavity and to look for a disease favoring mouth ulcers.
- The priority: to relieve pain. Use homeopathy, which is often effective. Your pharmacist can suggest a preparation to take diluted in a little water. Strengthen his defenses. You can ask the doctor to prescribe an immunotherapeutic treatment supplemented with vitamin C.
- In extremely painful cases,visit the dentist. He will apply, with great care, on the mouth of your child a preparation based on diluted trichloroacetic acid which will relieve it quickly.
Safia Amor with Dr. Alain Amzalag, dental surgeon, scientific advisor to the French Union for Oral Health, author of Beautiful teeth, ed. Threshold.
A weapon against canker sores: the toothbrush
Regular brushing of the teeth is essential to avoid a bacterial dental cause, likely to cause one or more canker sores. Give your child a soft toothbrush and teach them not to make too abrupt movements that could damage the gums. The brushing of the teeth can be followed by an antiseptic mouthwash, but not anesthetic, very unpleasant for the little ones because it puts the veil down. This oral hygiene is also an excellent means of prevention.