Our children absorb fluoride, vitamins ... And other supplements hold the spotlight: omega 3 and probiotics. Should we really offer them to ensure an iron health? The explanations and advice of our specialist, Professor Patrick Tounian.
What are the current recommendations for fluoride?
- After being recommended from birth until age 12, fluoride is no longer routinely prescribed. It has been shown that in high doses it can cause fluorosis (whitish spots on the enamel).
- The generalized prescription has therefore given way on a case-by-case basis: fluoride is given to babies who are at risk of having poor oral hygiene or to those of families predisposed to cavities.
Of all the vitamins, which one should be favored for the child?
Two vitamins are really needed:
- Vitamin K in a baby breastfed exclusively at the rate of 2 mg per week. It comes in the form of a drinkable bulb that you give preference to the teaspoon. Its oily nature prevents it from being miscible in water! As soon as your baby switches to mixed feeding, supplementation is no longer necessary.
- Another essential substance is vitamin D. It has the property of promoting the absorption and fixation of calcium and phosphorus, the main constituents of bones. The child will synthesize it naturally, provided that his skin is sufficiently exposed to the sun, that is to say rather during the spring and summer, and much more difficult in the winter. That is why we advise to supplement the child all the year until 18 months-2 years, either in the form of drops of vitamin D given daily, or by means of a drinkable bulb administered every three months (but prefer the first solution). From its second birthday, the treatment can be prescribed only in winter, at two doses, one in November, the other in February for example. For all children at risk (those with dark skin), supplementation remains annual. Respect the doses prescribed, an excess will not make your child stronger, or it can cause digestive and kidney disorders.