It is useful to have a child's vision checked before the age of 3. By tracking and correcting certain visual anomalies such as strabismus or amblyopia in infancy, over 40,000 children could be prevented from becoming visually impaired each year. Explanations.
At what age should you have your child's eyesight checked?
- For infants and toddlers, three mandatory visits to the pediatrician with an eye exam are planned: at day 8, at 9 months and at 2 years. These exams are extremely important because the visual system of the child is not mature at birth. It continues to build until the age of 6, and the visual capacity reaches its maximum threshold around 15 years.
If the pediatrician has not detected any visual anomalies between 0 and 2 years, is it necessary to schedule a visit to the ophthalmologist for his child at the age of 3, then every year?
- It is necessary to consult, as a preventive measure, in case of family history and in the presence of certain signs or certain attitudes in the child. We now know that screening and correcting certain visual anomalies such as strabismus or amblyopia during early childhood, would prevent more than 40,000 children from becoming visually impaired each year. Thus, an amblyopia (when the visual capacity of one of the eyes is lower than the other) is detected before 4 years, it can be corrected to 95%.
What is the family history that should lead parents to consult for their child?
- If there are cases of strabismus or visual abnormalities such as myopia or astigmatism in the family, if the father or mother wore glasses before the age of 10, it is recommended to consult a specialist for child from the age of 2 or 3 years old. At 4 years old, one in seven children suffers from a visual anomaly - such as myopia or astigmatism - which can have hereditary origins.
What are the signs or attitudes of a child that need to alert us?
- As a precaution, it is advisable to consult an ophthalmologist if we see a white glow appears in the pupil of his child, if he always looks on the same side, if he is clumsy and often bumps on the same side, he always looks on the same side.
- If the child frequently blinks, frowns, if his eyes are red, sting, or cry; or in case of frequent headaches.
- Finally, if he refuses to scribble, if he is not interested in puzzles or other visual activities, if he confuses certain letters, if he draws, writes or reads his nose stuck to the notebook, or if he happens to lose your line by reading and re-reading it twice.
- 1 in 4 students in primary school presents a visual disturbance which can slow down the good progress of his schooling ... since 80% of the information related to his apprenticeship passes by the sight.