The music relaxes toddlers when they are tense, it helps them to channel their anger and calm their agitation. But what music to choose and how to make it listen and enjoy to a young child? The advice of Gilles Diederichs, composer of relaxation music for children ...
Which music to choose for baby?
- Built on a rhythm that imitates a natural swing - a time on the left, a time on the right, a little like a metronome - these sweet jingles produce an almost hypnotic effect. When a child listens to a lullaby, all his body rhythms synchronize with that of this song: heart rhythm, brainwave rhythm. His vigilance goes down, he calms down.
- Experiments have shown that listening to classical music causes physiological effects: the body starts to make anti-stress hormones called endorphins. The sonatas of Mozart or Debussy, for example, by their simplicity and their very pure sonorous color which puts forward an instrument (clarinet, harp, piano or flute), are particularly tranquilizing.
- They are full of percussions of all kinds that often imitate the sounds of nature. Nothing like plunging a toddler into a daydream, to inspire him to imagine himself in the forest or at the edge of a stream. Thus Indian tablas (drums), which are taped with the fingertips, can evoke the sound of drops of water. Claves (wood chopsticks that can be interlocked) can be reminiscent of a horse's hooves.
- Some jazz pieces in which the brass (trumpet, trombone, tuba, etc.) are played gently, have real calming virtues. And this thanks to the quality of chords specific to this music (four or five notes and not three as is more often the case in other types of music). This peculiarity tempers the melodies, gives them a lot of sweetness. To be tested: Stan Getz's "The Girl from Ipanema" or Chet Baker's "Chetty's Lullaby".
How to listen to music with your child?
Make yourself comfortable
- You can lie side by side on a carpet or sit cross-legged and take it between your legs, all against you. Or put yourself back to back so that a body contact exists but he does not feel prisoner. Are you ready ? You can start the music!
Capture his attention
- If you feel that he is very agitated, that he can not concentrate on the music, give him a little boost by talking to him. "Here, do you hear the piano in this passage? And did you recognize the flute? Listen, you do not think it sounds like the sound of rain? "By your questions, you bring your child to focus on him. You can also have a fun experience to interest him: place the speakers near his bare feet. He will then feel the vibrations physically. This is an excellent opportunity to experience that music is not only heard through hearing, but is apprehended by the body as a whole.
Help him to go further in relaxation and relaxation
- Suggest that you breathe deeply, by following the rhythm of the music. We put the small hands on the belly and inflate, very slowly, very slowly. Then we blow with the mouth, long, long, long ... Immediate soothing effect, for everyone!
Gilles Diederichs is the author of "Accompassing the musical awakening of the child", ed. Mango.
Interview by Isabelle Gravillon for parent supplement of Popi magazine